What is Parkinson's Disease and what treatments are available?

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Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson's Disease, or PD, happens when there is a lack of chemicals in the brain, called neurotransmitters. These usually allow messages to pass freely from your brain to your muscles to enable you to move about. With PD there is not enough of these neurotransmitters being made, and messages are unable to get to the muscles, resulting in 'freezing' and difficulty in walking. People with PD will often become less active and develop compensatory poor postures.

parkinsons disease


Whilst the main treatment for PD is drugs to replace the chemicals, physiotherapy can help to maintain a good posture, strengthen muscles that have become weak and improve walking. Some muscles and joints may need to be stretched, whilst others will need to be strengthened. PD is a progressive condition, with wide variations in the rate of individual progress. It is likely that treatment would be more intensive at times of deterioration, with less frequent sessions in between, although this would be discussed on an individual basis.