Ataxia is a general term which covers poor co-ordination and balance problems. Some other neurological conditions can have ataxia as a symptom, such as strokes, MS and peripheral neuropathies. There is also a group of degenerative diseases which have ataxia as a main feature, such as Huntingdons Chorea and Friedricks Ataxia. In these, and similar conditions, there is a loss of control of the muscle and therefore co-ordination. A person might walk as if they were drunk, drop things or appear very clumsy.
The cause for the ataxia does affect the treatment. Sometimes the ataxia is a feature of the condition, and other times it is a complication.
Treatment would be specific to the type of ataxia. In general, physiotherapy would help in easing and managing the effects of the ataxia rather than eliminating the ataxia itself. Stretches and exercises would help to maintain strength and mobility. Posture, balance and gait re-education might be required, as well as work on improving co-ordination.